International Shipping of Apple Trees and Import Permit
International Shipping of Apple
We are experienced in packaging and shipping apple
trees internationally, and have negotiated favorable rates with DHL and
contracted with them to act as our shipping agent. They will
oversee our shipments through Customs and Quarantine, pay the import
duty, and deliver to your
door in most countries with a total shipping time of 5-7 days, well
within the tolerance of our dormant trees. You will be able to
track your shipment and estimate arrival dates through
Steps in your international apple
Send in your order on the
International Order Form
We will send you a Pro Forma Invoice that
includes the shipping quote, as well as estimated import duty
Use this Pro Forma Invoice to apply for the
import permit (see below). Make sure it will be good until
February-March, which is when we ship.
Send us the import permit; once we see if we can
comply with the conditions, we will confirm your order and put it in
the grafting schedule. We will notify you of the scheduled
We will need to receive your payment at least two
weeks prior to the shipping date so we can schedule the inspection.
Once we ship, we'll forward the tracking number
so you can track your shipment through DHL.
What About the Permits?
We have become experts in moving plants internationally
and phytosanitary protocol, and can help you with the paperwork and
regulations involved in this.
Most countries in the tropics are signatories to the
International Plant Protection Convention, which was established in 1952
to protect cultivated and wild plants from the introduction and spread
of disease and pests. Because of this you will need to obtain an
Import Permit from your Ministry of Agriculture in order to
import apple trees into your country. The Import Permit dictates
the conditions the exporting country's agricultural inspector uses to
issue a Phytosanitary Certificate affirming the health and
cleanliness of the plants. Both the Import Permit and
Phytosanitary Certificate must be on the outside of the box when
|We will not confirm your order or
accept payment until we receive an Import Permit and check to
see if we're able to comply with its conditions.
What is an Import Permit?
In order to comply with the IPPC, an Import Permit among
other things MUST:
Say "Import Permit" on it (if the permit is
not in English, an English translation must be included).
Have a unique identifying number
Have an expiration date
Be signed by the issuing official
Without these items the export country's agricultural
officials cannot issue the Phytosanitary Certificate.
Shipping plants internationally without an Import Permit and
Phytosanitary Certificate will subject them to seizure, quarantine, and
You will need to apply for the Import Permit with your
Ministry of Agriculture. Not all offices are able to do this nor
all all the agricultural officials familiar with plant import protocol;
the main contacts for plant importation for each country can be found at
the IPPC website.
You can read the full text of the convention
here that includes a model for the permit on page 17. We can
supply you with a "pro forma" invoice for your order for including with
your Import Permit application.
As the importer you are responsible for supplying the
exporting country's agricultural officials an Import Permit compliant
with the IPPC convention; as the exporter we are not liable for filling
orders to any importer that cannot supply a compliant Import Permit.
A section on the Import Permit allows for requirements
beyond the usual statement of "being free from harmful pests and
disease" that is in the body of the Import Permit requirements. An
additional declaration may be something like "The rootstocks must be virus-certified
and include the certification documents" or "The shipment must be
inspected to be free from Erwinia amylovora (Fire Blight)".
These requirements are then complied with on the Phytosanitary Certificate by
the exporting inspection agency.
The Phytosanitary Certificate is a certificate of
inspection issued by the exporting agricultural inspection agency,
usually at the national level. There is a fee charged for
this inspection, $65 USD. This cost will be passed
on to the importer.
There has been great concern by some countries about
Genetically Modified Organism (GMO) foods being imported.
None of our material is GMO, as many are over a hundred years old and
all of the varieties have been bred the old-fashioned way, either
pollinated by bees or by hand, using only the genes that God gave the
However any statement as such cannot be included in the
"Additional Declarations" section of the Import Permit, as the
agricultural inspection office can only certify regarding pests and
disease, not genetic makeup. Any Import Permit
requiring this as an Additional Declaration will not be honored.
But the importing agency can ask for
certification from the supplier that the material is non-GMO and include
that on the Import Permit outside of the Additional Declarations area.
We can include a statement from our nursery certifying the material is
Pest Risk Assessment
For countries that have never imported apple trees
before, they may require an Pest Risk Assessment to see what the
risks are for importing plant material from a certain location.
They typically will require a list of pests and diseases for apple in
the area where the material is grown, along with a map showing the
locations. This documentation must be provided by the controlling
agriculture agency, in our case the USDA-APHIS, which usually follows up
with it by sending a Market Access Request. We are able to
provide this at no cost, but it is not a fast process, the last time
taking about a year to complete. The documentation will come from
the USDA-APHIS office on official letterhead and signed, but the USDA
does not stamp their letters or certify them with any special embossing;
confirmation can be had of their authenticity by contacting the official
Here are some sample documents so you can see what they
GMO Certification by the Supplier
Pest Risk Assessment Pest List
Market Access Request
Sample Apple Import Protocol